And so we have many signals that commodity prices almost across the board are tanking. First, we have the DDP ETN that is an inverse fund that when it increases, it means wheat, gold and oil are decreasing (among a few other commodities that I don't remember).
Farm income fell sharply in the third quarter, according to respondents of the Tenth District Survey of Agricultural Credit Conditions. Although the Tenth District survey measure of farm income has declined for several consecutive quarters, the drop in the third quarter was especially severe. In fact, 68 percent of bankers reported lower farm incomes relative to a year ago (Chart 1). The downbeat expectations for farm income in the District were consistent with recent national forecasts. According to third-quarter revisions, the USDA expected farm income to drop 36 percent this year compared to last year.
Although the ebb in capital spending was similar to that of farm income, fewer bankers reported a decline in household spending. Compared to the same period last year, 65 percent of survey respondents reported lower capital spending in the third quarter. However, only 35 percent indicated household spending decreased from a year ago. Prior to 2013, household spending had tracked relatively closely with farm income and capital spending. Since 2013, however, household spending generally has been slower to come down, following multiple years of extraordinary profits. A majority of surveyed bankers expected farm incomes to continue to fall, but some also noted that further reductions in household spending may be needed to maintain adequate working capital and cash flow.
Reductions in farm income have continued to raise concerns about the liquidity of some District farm borrowers. In 2015, 81 percent of bankers reported a significant or modest deterioration in the overall level of working capital for crop producers, up from 65 percent in 2014 (Chart 2). Expectations of further slumps in District farm income have caused agricultural lenders to continue to stress the importance of maintaining adequate levels of working capital, especially for highly leveraged producers.